Understanding Varicose Veins: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options


Today, let’s dive into the fascinating world of varicose veins and varicose vein treatment. These twisted, enlarged veins are not just a cosmetic concern but can also cause discomfort and health issues.

What Are Varicose Veins?

To start things off, let’s get familiar with what varicose veins actually are:

Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that often appear blue or dark purple. They usually occur in the legs, but can sometimes develop in other parts of the body too. These veins may look like a tangled mess beneath the skin, and they can be quite unsightly.

Causes of Varicose Veins

Now that we know what varicose veins are, let’s explore what causes them. Understanding the root causes can help us take steps to prevent or manage them:

Faulty Valves: Inside your veins, there are tiny valves that help blood flow in one direction, back to the heart. When these valves weaken or fail, blood can pool in the veins, leading to varicose veins.

Genetics: Sometimes, it’s in your genes. If your family has a history of varicose veins, you’re more likely to develop them too.

Age: As we get older, our veins can lose their elasticity, causing them to stretch and become more prone to varicose veins.

Pregnancy: The pressure from a growing uterus can put stress on the veins in the pelvic area and legs, increasing the risk of varicose veins.

Gender: Sorry, ladies, but women are more likely to get varicose veins than men. Blame it on hormonal changes and pregnancy.

Obesity: Carrying excess weight can put extra pressure on your veins, increasing the likelihood of varicose veins.

Standing or Sitting for Long Periods: Jobs that require you to stand or sit for extended periods can affect blood flow and contribute to varicose veins.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

Alright, now that we know what causes varicose veins, let’s talk about the signs and symptoms to watch out for:

  • Visible Veins: The most obvious sign is the appearance of swollen, twisted veins on your legs.
  • Achy Legs: You might experience aching or discomfort in your legs, especially after long periods of standing or sitting.
  • Heavy Feeling: Your legs may feel heavy and tired, making it challenging to move around.
  • Burning or Throbbing: Some people report a burning or throbbing sensation in the affected area.
  • Itchy Skin: Varicose veins can cause itchy skin, which can be quite annoying.
  • Muscle Cramps: Painful muscle cramps, particularly at night, can be associated with varicose veins.
  • Swelling: In severe cases, your legs or ankles might swell up due to the pooling of blood.

Treatment Options

Now that we’ve covered the basics, let’s explore the different ways to manage varicose veins. The good news is that there are several treatment options available, ranging from simple lifestyle changes to medical procedures:

Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Exercise: Regular physical activity helps improve blood circulation in your legs.
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight: Shedding those extra pounds can reduce the pressure on your veins.
  • Elevate Your Legs: When you get the chance, prop up your legs to encourage blood flow back to your heart.
  • Avoid Crossing Your Legs: Sitting with your legs crossed can restrict blood flow, so try to avoid it.
  • Compression Stockings: These special stockings provide gentle pressure to help blood flow more efficiently.

Medical Procedures:

  • Sclerotherapy: A procedure where a special solution is injected into the affected vein to close it off.
  • Laser Therapy: Laser energy is used to seal off the troublesome veins.
  • Radiofrequency Closure: A catheter is inserted into the vein to heat and seal it shut.
  • Vein Stripping: This surgical procedure removes the affected vein altogether.
  • Endovenous Laser Treatment (EVLT): A laser fiber is inserted into the vein to close it from the inside.

Minimally Invasive Options:

Venaseal: A medical adhesive is used to close the vein.

ClariVein: A rotating wire is used to treat the vein from the inside.

Surgical Options:

Ambulatory Phlebectomy: Smaller incisions are made to remove the varicose veins.

High Ligation and Vein Stripping: The affected vein is tied off and removed surgically.

Consult a Specialist:

Always consult a healthcare professional, preferably a vascular specialist, to determine the most suitable treatment option for your specific case.

Preventing Varicose Veins

Prevention is often better than cure. If you want to reduce your risk of developing varicose veins or prevent existing ones from getting worse, here are some tips:

  • Stay Active: Regular exercise is key to maintaining good circulation.
  • Watch Your Weight: Keeping a healthy weight reduces the strain on your veins.
  • Change Positions: If your job involves sitting or standing for long periods, take breaks to change your position.
  • Elevate Your Legs: Whenever possible, raise your legs above your heart level to help blood flow back to your heart.
  • Avoid Tight Clothing: Don’t wear tight belts or clothing that constricts your waist or groin area.
  • Wear Comfortable Shoes: Opt for shoes that provide good support to your feet and legs.
  • Stay Hydrated: Proper hydration helps maintain healthy blood circulation.

When to See a Doctor

While varicose veins are often harmless, there are situations where you should seek medical advice promptly:

  • If you experience sudden swelling, pain, or redness in the affected leg, which could indicate a blood clot.
  • If your varicose veins are causing persistent discomfort or interfering with your daily life.
  • If you notice skin changes, such as ulcers or inflammation, near the varicose veins.

Remember, it’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional to assess your condition and determine the most appropriate treatment plan.


In a nutshell, varicose veins might be a common issue, but they’re not something you should ignore. They can be more than just a cosmetic concern and might lead to uncomfortable symptoms if left untreated. Fortunately, there are various treatment options available, from lifestyle changes to medical procedures, so you can take control of your vascular health.

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I am Jessica Moretti, mother of 1 boy and 2 beautiful twin angels, and live in on Burnaby Mountain in British Columbia. I started this blog to discuss issues on parenting, motherhood and to explore my own experiences as a parent. I hope to help you and inspire you through simple ideas for happier family life!


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