When you start an urban garden, you start to learn about the planting calendar for many crops, including vegetables. For this reason, many wonder when to plant vegetables. Depending on the type of vegetable, it is necessary to look for a more suitable time of the year for its proper growth.
For this reason, we are going to dedicate this article to talking about when to plant vegetables depending on the type, as well as some examples and tips.
The first thing you need to know is that not all vegetables need to be grown at the same time. What is it about? Because some are designed to thrive in cool, damp conditions, while others require warmth and good weather.
In general, the origin of the vegetable has a lot to do with everything. Those from warmer and sunnier places such as chili peppers or peppers, eggplants or sweet potatoes, etc. will need these conditions. The same, but in turn, it happens to people from colder climates. If you plant them in the heat, the harvest will not be good.
So, let’s see what season you can grow the most common vegetables.
The best time in spring is when the winter frosts end. We are going to give some examples of vegetables that are sown in the spring.
When planning to plant or transplant an eggplant, there are two things to consider: the right climate for it to grow, and preparing the plant to resist being transplanted from abroad. This is important if you are going to grow outdoors without any protection. Below 18℃ growth is too slow, it is better to put it in a high-temperature environment until the temperature is suitable, wait until late spring and early summer. Even if the frosts have stopped and the temperature is still very low, the plants will hardly grow, and in any case, they will be much slower than in a protected place.
In the middle of spring, after a long time after frosts, eggplants can be planted outside. They can be helped by covering them with a PET bottle large enough to help raise the air temperature around the plants. In tropical and subtropical climates, it can be transplanted in early spring or late in the cool season.
Some vegetables, such as leeks, onions or lettuce, can be grown at any time of the year because they will continue to grow without serious complications even under suboptimal conditions.
Others, such as squash, need to be planted at certain times for two reasons:
They grow well only under certain conditions.
It takes several months from sowing to fruit ripening.
In climates where temperatures are consistently warm, pumpkins can be planted at any time, but it is best to plant before the sunniest season when it will grow better and faster. For other climatic conditions, it is necessary to plan the landing time.
In the spring, you can also plant the following vegetables:
Summer is much less common than spring, but it is the best time of year to grow some vegetables that require heating at the start of harvest and cooling as they grow to prevent premature flowering. Here are a few examples of when to plant vegetables in the summer, depending on their type:
I wonder if the seeds are already available, or even if they have to be bought, if you want to grow a lot of cabbage, distribute them, etc. It takes an additional month of growing from seedlings, that’s when the plants get into the seed bed. Kale is a cool-temperate vegetable that grows best between 15 and 20ºC.
From 0ºC, the plant begins to grow, albeit slowly, so in many areas, winter is usually not a problem for it.
If the climate is dry for part of the year, planting should be planned in such a way that the crop will grow during wet periods, as this is a plant that constantly needs water. For most varieties, planting time is usually between mid-winter and mid-summer.
Given the culture duration is typically around 150 days (5 months), planting should be planned based on the local climate and an understanding of the above temperature requirements.
Broccoli grows best in cool, humid climates. from 15 to 20 °C, with a maximum temperature of 24 or 25 °C. Broccoli, like other cabbages, adapts well to all soil types but prefers a loose, deep, organic-rich, and slightly acidic texture.
When in doubt, it is best to do a small trial seeding. It is harvested in spring and summer, autumn and winter. In countries without spring, planting should be done at the end of the warm season to harvest in the cool season.
Broccoli plants are usually ready to be transplanted about 30 days after sowing, although this depends on how favorable the growing conditions are.
In the summer you can also plant:
Autumn and winter
Finally, another set of vegetables should be planted when temperatures drop. They need cold at the beginning of development and warmth at the end.
Artichokes are sensitive to temperature. most cultivars require considerable cold in autumn and winter for vigorous flowering and, in order for plants to develop, the climate must be warm enough, i.e. transplanted or planted. If it does not work out, you will have to wait until next year to make the chapter, the edible part, which is long-awaited in terms of quantity and quality.
This is a crop that requires a cool climate, in the early stages leaves develop and stocks accumulate in them, in the final stage, when the weather is warm, nutrients pass from the leaves to the bulbs. Generally speaking, garlic grown in the fall will develop larger, better quality bulbs unless other adverse conditions occur, such as waterlogging.
They can also be sown in the spring with good results, but this is less common. Early spring is the last resort if they cannot be planted in autumn or winter. Garlic requires a low temperature of 7 to 10°C to germinate.
I hope that with the help of this information you can learn more about when to plant vegetables in your urban garden.