Bell peppers are plants that are sensitive to cold. In this article, learn how to successfully plant bell peppers and harvest them yourself at home!
Have you ever wanted to plant bell peppers at home? Planting bell peppers at home is environmentally conscious, as there is no need to use chemicals in growing them. If you follow a few basic principles well, you will see good results.
First of all, it should be borne in mind that it is important to reduce the risk of pests. Pest control should be the first consideration. Likewise, growing bell peppers requires a lot of nutrients and requires a warm temperature environment.
Let’s take a closer look now.
Materials needed for planting bell peppers at home
Bell peppers come in a variety of seeds according to their size, color, and taste, so you can choose the kind you like the most and use them for cooking later.
Here are the supplies you will need to grow bell peppers at home:
- Bell pepper seeds of your choice
- Electric Seed Germination Machine (Optional)
Bell peppers are susceptible to cold, so wait until spring to plant them outdoors. Waiting until spring can reduce the risk of winter cold winds harming your crops.
How to plant bell peppers at home
If you grow your own bell peppers, you can easily use them in cooking.
1) Fever bed
Where the temperature is below 26ºC, it is recommended to use a thermal seed germination machine. Beds should be placed indoors by a sunny window.
This will protect the seeds from the cold and mimic spring-like conditions. If you live in an area with a warm climate, a regular bed is sufficient.
2) Planting seeds
Spread soil or culture soil on the bed and sow 3-4 seeds at a depth of 2-3 mm per bed. Water them with clean water until the seeds germinate, and after germination, select only the strongest and largest sprouts.
Also, be careful as it may encourage the growth of withered plants that do not grow well if the seed spacing is narrow.
3) Sunshine, the best reinforcements
You can see the seedlings start to germinate 8-20 days after sowing. Sunlight and ventilation are essential at this point to produce good quality fruit. Bell pepper plants need daily light.
When the first pair of leaves appear and the stems begin to grow strong, they should be transplanted into pots or gardens of a suitable size . Before repotting, you must first fill the soil with compost.
If you plan to plant bell peppers in your garden, first make sure the soil temperature is above 17ºC. Otherwise, the bell pepper seedlings can easily die.
If the height of the bell pepper plant is 15 cm or more and there are 5-6 leaves on the stem, a distance of 16-20 cm should be maintained. This will leave enough space for the plants to grow. If you are planting bell peppers in pots, it is best to plant them one by one.
6) Water in moderation
Overwatering harms many plants as well as bell peppers. If you water a place full of soil, the roots will not be able to breathe and will rot.
It is true that the soil needs to be kept moist, but it is important to ensure that the drainage is smooth to prevent water from accumulating.
7) Waiting for Harvest Time
After following these steps, all you have to do is wait until the fruits are large enough to be harvested and ripe.
Physicochemical conditions and tips for planting bell peppers at home
If you want to grow your own bell peppers, don’t forget that you need nutrients, sunlight, and water. Read on to find out more about how to grow bell peppers at home.
Needs a place with plenty of sunlight
Ideally, bell peppers should receive at least 6 hours of sunlight per day. The optimum temperature for good germination, flowering and subsequent cultivation is 20-26ºC.
If the temperature varies significantly at night, you should use a thermal cover that will help keep the plants warm and protect them from rain and other animals when it’s cold. In summer, you can move the pots with bell peppers outdoors.
Must meet the nutritional needs of bell peppers
Bell peppers are plants belonging to the Solanaceae family, and they need nutrients to produce good fruits. Potassium in the soil is essential when growing bell peppers, so adding comfrey leaves can increase the potassium content.
It should also be remembered that the absorption of potassium is essential for determining the color and quality of the fruit, so the need will continue to increase until the flower blooms.
Likewise, nitrogen is a very important component in the first stage of harvesting. However, unlike potassium, the need decreases after the first fruits are harvested. If you’re planting bell peppers in soil that was previously used to grow peas, be sure to add nitrogen.
Since the fertilizer used for bell peppers must contain all of phosphorus, sulfur, and magnesium, it is better to use solid or liquid products that dissolve in water.
Bell peppers need a lot of nutrients, so using good fertilizer or well-made compost is key to the growing process.
Consider the pH of your soil
Bell peppers can generally tolerate acidic conditions up to 5.5 and sandy soil with a pH close to 8, but it is recommended to measure the soil pH considering that 6.5-7 is the optimal index.
Good carbonated water to choose when planting bell peppers at home
You need to check whether there is not enough soil in the pot, whether the water drains well, and whether the air is well ventilated. Don’t forget that the soil should be slightly moist to the touch.
Another way to tell if a plant needs water is to check the leaves. If the leaves are wilting and the soil is dry, you may need to water.
You may use carbonated water instead of nitric acid. Carbonated water not only makes the soil acidic, but also allows nutrients to be dissolved and absorbed properly.
In summer, when the sun is strong, you need to water every day or once every 2-3 days. You can use tap water and carbonated water alternately.
Planting bell peppers at home without the use of chemicals
If you plant bell peppers yourself, you can get pollution-free vegetables. If you decide to plant your plants in pots, place a stone on the bottom of the pot and sprinkle with sand to control the humidity. Likewise, before repotting or moving pots into the garden, they will need to undergo a period of adaptation to exposure to the outside climate.
It is also a good idea to keep the plant upright with a stick or wooden pole. This allows for good ventilation and good light.
Another way plants can benefit is by pruning to keep stems thick, optimize air circulation and improve fruit quality. Pruning can be done in a number of ways, but essentially you just need to remove the insignificant parts of the plant.
Bell peppers can grow well even if planted next to garlic or cabbage. However, avoid planting near cucumbers or co-planting with fennel or kohlrabi.